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Value Addition to Poultry Manure

Transforming waste into wealth

Value Addition to Poultry Manure is a process that transforms chicken manure into a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer. This practice enhances its suitability for plant growth while mitigating potential issues like pathogens and unpleasant odors. Each chicken produces about three to five kilograms of manure monthly. To handle it properly, composting is essential to detoxify the manure and minimize ammonia loss. Optimal composting conditions include covering the pile and retaining liquid, as a significant portion of nitrogen exists in urine. Additionally, operating a free-run chicken production system or collecting manure for composting adds value to this resource, reducing reliance on chemical fertilizers.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 7/9; level of use 7/9

Cost: $$$ 5,000—10,000 USD

drying and pelleting equipment

30,000 USD

organic fertiliser production plant of 15 ton per hour

3,000 USD

15 m3 anaerobic digester able to process 300 kg of poultry manure per day


Open source / open access


  • Pathogens and Unpleasant Odors: Fresh chicken manure can contain pathogens like salmonella, damage plant roots, and emit an off-putting odor.
  • Underutilization: Chicken manure is seldom used directly due to these issues.
  • Environmental and Social Liabilities: Large-scale poultry farms produce massive amounts of manure, leading to unpleasant odors, groundwater leaching, and methane emissions.
  • Waste Management: Proper handling and disposal of manure from commercial farms pose production costs.
  • Reduced Reliance on Chemical Fertilizers: By transforming manure into safe organic fertilizer, this technology promotes sustainable agriculture and soil fertility enhancement.


  1. Pathogen-Free Organic Fertilizer Production: The technology converts chicken manure into a safe, nutrient-rich organic fertilizer through composting and value addition, eliminating harmful pathogens and ensuring plant health and human safety.

  2. Sustainable Mitigation of Environmental Impact from Poultry Manure: The technology transforms raw chicken manure into valuable organic fertilizer, significantly reducing environmental impact. It curtails odors, prevents groundwater contamination, and mitigates methane emissions, benefiting both the environment and local communities.

  3. Cost-Efficient Poultry Waste Management through Fertilizer Production: The technology offers a cost-effective solution by repurposing chicken manure into a valuable organic fertilizer. This not only reduces waste management costs but also creates an economically valuable product, enhancing overall farm profitability.

Key points to design your business plan

For farmers and local business

Local fertilizer businesses can create a new, eco-friendly product line with poultry manure compost, catering to the growing demand for organic options.  Farmers benefit by turning waste into a valuable soil amendment, improving crop yields and reducing reliance on expensive chemical fertilizers. This not only saves them money but also promotes healthier soil and higher quality food.

To integrate this technology in your business, follow these steps: 

  • Manure Sourcing: Establish reliable sources of poultry manure. Consider contracts with nearby poultry farms. Plan transportation logistics for collecting manure. Ensure efficient storage and handling facilities.
  • Composting Facilities: Choose a composting method (e.g., pile, windrow) based on scale and budget. Factor in space requirements for storage and processing.
  • Equipment and Supplies: Identify needed equipment (shredders, mixers) and materials (bulking agents) for composting.
  • Technology Adoption and Adaptation: Understand the composting process thoroughly. Train staff on proper composting techniques. Adapt the technology to local conditions (e.g., climate, soil types). 
  • Market Research and Marketing Strategy: Identify potential customers (farmers, cooperatives, retailers). Understand market dynamics and pricing. Develop a marketing plan to promote the organic fertilizer and bio-certified food.
  • Collaboration and Partnerships: Partner with local agricultural extension services.

Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive high
Under 18
Positive high
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a lot
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It makes the soil healthier and more fertile
Water usage
It uses a little less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Benin Tested Adopted
Botswana Not tested Adopted
Burundi Tested Adopted
Central African Republic Tested Adopted
Côte d’Ivoire Not tested Adopted
Democratic Republic of the Congo Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Gabon Tested Adopted
Ghana Not tested Adopted
Guinea Not tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Madagascar Not tested Adopted
Malawi Not tested Adopted
Mozambique Not tested Adopted
Niger Not tested Adopted
Nigeria Not tested Adopted
Rwanda Tested Adopted
Senegal Not tested Adopted
Sierra Leone Not tested Adopted
Somalia Tested Adopted
South Sudan Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Uganda Tested Adopted
Zambia Not tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Not tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 12: responsible production and consumption
Goal 12: responsible production and consumption

Collection and Separation:

  • Collect fresh chicken manure from poultry farms.
  • Separate it from bedding material and other impurities.


  • Heap the manure away from the flock.
  • Cover the pile to retain heat and moisture.
  • Allow it to compost for 2 to 6 months.
  • Proper composting detoxifies the manure and minimizes ammonia loss.

Formulation Optimization:

  • Design a fertilizer production line.
  • Optimize the formulation based on local soil properties and cropping systems.
  • Create a nutrient-rich blend suitable for plant growth.

Quality Control and Safety Measures:

  • Implement quality checks during production.
  • Ensure the final product is pathogen-free.
  • Address any environmental pollution risks.


  • Apply the transformed manure to farmlands.
  • Enhance soil fertility and crop yields.
  • Reduce reliance on chemical fertilizers.

Last updated on 22 May 2024