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https://e-catalogs.taat-africa.org/com/technologies/integrated-management-of-insects-diseases-and-weeds-in-wheat
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Integrated Management of Insects, Diseases and Weeds in Wheat

Balanced Protection for Sustainable Harvests

IPM focuses on maintaining a balanced population of beneficial and harmful organisms in wheat crops. It employs techniques such as releasing natural predators, mechanical interventions like scare equipment, and cultural practices like precision sowing and pest-resistant varieties.

2

This technology is TAAT1 validated.

8•9

Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 9/9

17-33 %

reduction in beetle damage

<10 %

rust infestation reduction

30-70 %

grain yield increase

35 USD per hectare

profit generated by IPM

IP

Open source / open access

Problem

  • Emergence of Pesticide-Resistant Pests: Frequent pesticide use leads to resistant pest biotypes, risking crop damage and reducing yields.
  • Distorted Natural Pest Control: Excessive pesticide application disrupts natural pest predators, leading to uncontrolled pest populations.
  • Environmental Risks with Chemicals: Overuse of pesticides can harm soil, water, and ecosystems, posing environmental risks.

Solution

Preventing Pesticide Resistance: IPM employs diverse biological and agronomic methods to reduce reliance on chemical agents, preventing the emergence of pesticide-resistant pests.

Restoring Natural Pest Control: IPM balances populations of beneficial and harmful organisms using biological, mechanical/physical, and cultural techniques, restoring natural pest control mechanisms.

Sustainable Crop Protection: IPM minimizes the use of chemical pesticides, promoting sustainable crop protection and safeguarding food safety and environmental health.

Key points to design your business plan

In this section, you will soon discover essential elements to develop your business plan. You'll find a brief list of important questions to consider before launching your business, along with information on the technology's value proposition, target audience, key resources, strategic partners, and cost structure. This compilation will assist you in evaluating the various crucial aspects to ensure the success of your business.

In the meantime, use the “Request information” button if you need to contact us.

More

Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive high
Under 18
Positive high
Women
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
Biodiversity
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a lot
Environment
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Adopted
Countries with a yellow colour
Tested
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Benin Not tested Adopted
Burkina Faso Not tested Adopted
Ethiopia Not tested Adopted
Kenya Not tested Adopted
Niger Not tested Adopted
Nigeria Not tested Adopted
Sudan Not tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Not tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool
Arid
Semiarid
Subhumid
Humid

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 15: life on land
Goal 15: life on land

  1. Initial Assessment:

    • Identify harmful and beneficial organisms on the farm.
    • Determine critical thresholds for economic injury based on community structure and growth stage.
  2. Monitoring Pests:

    • Use simple tools like traps, handheld magnifying glasses, or binocular microscopes for regular inspections.
    • Employ advanced high-resolution cameras on drones for efficient surveillance of large areas.
  3. Weed Inspection:

    • Inspect weeds during emergence and tillering stages when annual broadleaf weeds are less than 1.5 inches (early season).
    • Perform additional inspections during or after the harvest (post-season).
  4. Insect and Disease Surveys:

    • Conduct surveys at different growth stages, from tillering over stem extension up to flowering.
  5. Data Analysis:

    • Utilize software tools for data gathering and analysis to track pest and natural enemy development.
  6. Threshold Evaluation:

    • Once critical thresholds for harmful and beneficial organisms are reached, it's time to take action.
  7. Selecting IPM Measures:

    • Based on the assessment and monitoring, choose from a combination of biological, mechanical/physical, and cultural techniques.
  8. Implementing Measures:

    • Release natural predators and enemies to establish a balanced population.
    • Utilize mechanical/physical interventions, such as equipment to deter birds or rodents, or manual pest removal.
    • Employ cultural practices like precision sowing, shifting planting dates, waste removal, wildflower strips, and using pest-resistant varieties.
  9. Special Considerations:

    • Handle the introduction of new species or increasing beneficial communities with caution, as it can impact non-targeted organisms and ecosystems.
  10. Additional Techniques:

  • Employ the inoculative approach for long-term interventions, or the inundative approach for immediate pest suppression in severe outbreaks.
  • Provide alternative hosts/prey or suitable nesting and feeding sites to support the reproduction and survival of natural predators and enemies.
  • Reduce pest reproduction rates by releasing infecund males, disrupting breeding attempts by fertile males and females.
  • Shift planting times to periods less favorable for rapid aphid multiplication.
  • Rotate wheat with crops like rice, chickpea, pea, cotton, and others to suppress weed growth.
  • Increase crop density and decrease row spacing to reduce weed seed output.
  • Use pheromones for mass trapping, suitable for controlling pests like whiteflies and thrips.

Last updated on 22 May 2024