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Yellow Rust and Stem Rust Resistant wheat

Rust-Resistant Wheat for a Flourishing Future

The rust-resistant wheat varieties are specifically developed to combat wheat rust. They are equipped with two types of resistance genes. The first type, All-stage resistance (ASR) genes, provide strong protection from specific rust fungi during all developmental stages of the plant. However, if only a single ASR gene is deployed, the fungi can evolve to overcome this protection. The second type, Adult plant resistance (APR) genes, provide partial resistance during the later development stages of the plant. APRs can confer longer resistance without developing pathogen evolution and can provide broad-spectrum resistance to all rust fungi races. By combining ASR and APR genes, wheat varieties can achieve a more effective and long-lasting resistance against rust.

2

This technology is TAAT1 validated.

7•7

Scaling readiness: idea maturity 7/9; level of use 7/9

4.1 Ton/ha

average grain yield

440 USD

Total farming operational costs

Problem

  • Yellow Rust and Stem Rust Epidemics: Yellow rust and stem rust are destructive diseases that cause significant yield losses (50-90%) and can rapidly devastate wheat crops in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Quick Spread of Rust Diseases: These diseases spread rapidly through wind-borne spores, leading to massive losses, as exemplified by the highly virulent African strain of stem rust, Ug99.

  • Emergence of New Rust Strains: There is a continuous emergence of new strains of rust diseases, making it challenging to control them effectively.

  • Infections in Native Grasses: Rust diseases can infect native grasses, making it difficult to eradicate them from agricultural landscapes.

Solution

  • All-Stage Resistance (ASR): These genes provide strong, race-specific protection against rust fungi at all developmental stages of the plant.

  • Adult Plant Resistance (APR): These genes offer partial resistance during the later stages of the plant’s development. They can confer longer-lasting resistance and provide broad-spectrum protection against all races of rust fungi.

  • High Yield Potential: Despite the resistance to rust, these varieties maintain a high yield potential, which is crucial for ensuring food security.

  • Disease Resistance: In addition to rust resistance, these varieties often have resistance to other diseases, enhancing their overall robustness.

  • Tolerance to Environmental Stresses: These varieties are often bred to be tolerant to various environmental stresses such as drought, further enhancing their resilience.

Key points to design your business plan

Seed multipliers: 

Integrating rust-resistant wheat varieties into a business plan in Africa involves several key steps:

  1. Partnership Building: Establish partnerships with research institutions, local agricultural departments, and farmer groups. This helps in accessing the latest rust-resistant varieties and understanding the local farming context.

  2. Capacity Building: Invest in training for staff on the benefits, management, and multiplication of rust-resistant wheat varieties.

  3. Variety Selection: Choose the most suitable rust-resistant varieties based on local climate, soil conditions, and farmer preferences.

  4. Seed Multiplication: Plan for the multiplication of seeds of the selected varieties. This involves setting up a seed multiplication farm or partnering with local farmers.

  5. Quality Control: Implement rigorous quality control measures to ensure the purity and health of the multiplied seeds.

  6. Distribution and Marketing: Develop a distribution network and marketing strategy to reach the target farmers. This could involve partnerships with local agro-dealers.

  7. Monitoring and Evaluation: Regularly monitor and evaluate the business performance and impact on farmers. This helps in making necessary adjustments.

  8. Cost Estimation: Estimate the costs involved in each step and develop a financial plan. This includes costs for seed multiplication, quality control, distribution, marketing, and monitoring.

These steps require careful planning and organization. The exact logistics and costs would depend on the specific context and scale of the business.

For resellers

Integrating rust-resistant wheat varieties into a business plan for a seed reseller in Africa involves several key steps:

  1. Partnership Building: Establish partnerships with research institutions, seed multipliers, and farmer groups. This helps in accessing the latest rust-resistant varieties and understanding the local farming context.

  2. Stock Planning: Plan the stock of rust-resistant wheat varieties based on the demand forecast. This involves understanding the local market needs and farmer preferences.

  3. Quality Assurance: Implement quality assurance measures to ensure the seeds’ health and genetic purity. This may involve partnerships with seed testing laboratories.

  4. Distribution and Logistics: Develop a robust distribution network to reach the target farmers. This could involve partnerships with local agro-dealers and logistics companies.

  5. Marketing and Promotion: Develop a marketing strategy to promote the benefits of rust-resistant varieties. This could involve field demonstrations, farmer meetings, and promotional campaigns.

  6. Customer Support: Provide support to farmers in the form of agronomic advice and after-sales service. This helps in building trust with the farmers and promoting the adoption of rust-resistant varieties.

  7. Cost Estimation: Estimate the costs involved in each step and develop a financial plan. This includes costs for stock procurement, quality assurance, distribution, marketing, and customer support.

For Farmers

For wheat farmers in Africa to integrate rust-resistant varieties into their business plan, they would need to consider the following steps:

  1. Education and Training: Farmers need to understand the benefits and management of rust-resistant wheat varieties. This could involve attending training sessions or workshops organized by agricultural institutions or extension services.

  2. Variety Selection: Farmers should choose the most suitable rust-resistant varieties based on their local climate, soil conditions, and market demand. This might require consultation with agricultural experts or extension officers.

  3. Seed Procurement: Farmers need to plan for the procurement of seeds of the selected varieties. This could involve purchasing seeds from certified seed companies or participating in seed exchange programs.

  4. Field Management: Farmers need to plan for the cultivation of the rust-resistant varieties. This includes preparing the land, sowing the seeds, managing pests and diseases, and harvesting the crop.

  5. Marketing and Sales: Farmers need to develop a strategy for selling their produce. This could involve selling directly to consumers, to local markets, or to grain aggregators.

  6. Cost Estimation and Financial Planning: Farmers need to estimate the costs involved in each step and develop a financial plan. This includes costs for seed procurement, field management, and marketing.

These steps require careful planning and organization. The exact logistics and costs would depend on the specific context and scale of the farm.

More

Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive low
Women
Positive medium

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
Biodiversity
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a little
Environment
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It makes the soil healthier and more fertile
Water usage
It uses a lot less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Adopted
Countries with a yellow colour
Tested
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Mozambique Tested Adopted
Somalia Tested Adopted
South Africa Tested Adopted
Sudan Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Uganda Tested Adopted
Zambia Tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool
Arid
Semiarid
Subhumid
Humid

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action

  1. Verification and Adaptation Trials:

    • Verify and adapt rust-resistant wheat varieties.
    • Typically takes about one year for this process.
  2. Accelerated Seed Multiplication in Outbreaks:

    • In the case of severe outbreaks, accelerate seed multiplication.
    • Conduct field testing of new varieties during main- and off-seasons.
    • This allows farmers to access resistant germplasm in less than a year from its release.
  3. Seed Multiplication Process:

    • Seed multiplication of rust-resistant wheat consists of 2-4 stages.
    • Follow the same procedures as for other cultivars.
  4. Production of Early-Generation Seed:

    • Agricultural research centers produce early-generation or basic seed.
  5. Multiplication on Farms:

    • Private farms, farmer cooperative unions, farmer seed producer associations, and model farmers receive the basic seed.
    • They multiply large volumes of certified seed.
  6. In-Field Techniques for Maintaining Planting Material:

    • Farmers maintain stocks of rust-resistant planting material using in-field techniques.
    • One method is the ear-to-row technique, where the best-performing ears are selected and replanted in single lines.
  7. Crop Cultivation:

    • Rust-resistant wheat varieties are cultivated with the same planting density and mineral fertilizer input as other improved cultivars.
    • Follow local recommendations for cultivation.
  8. Fungicide Spraying:

    • Fungicide spraying may be required to protect the resistant wheat crop, depending on disease pressure and local conditions.

Last updated on 22 May 2024