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Heat and Drought Tolerant Wheat Varieties

Wheat cultivation in high temperature regions

The Heat and Drought Tolerant Wheat Varieties mature within 90 days, faster than many traditional varieties. They can withstand temperatures that are 4°C higher than normal and show 75% of their yield potential under extreme conditions of less than 200mm of moisture and heat stress. These varieties are resistant to diseases and pests like yellow stem rust and have high water use efficiency, making them suitable for regions with limited water resources. They also have good bread-making quality with 14-15% protein content. These traits make these varieties particularly suited for challenging growing conditions, such as those found in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa.

This technology is TAAT1 validated.

7•8

Scaling readiness: idea maturity 7/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$

4 - 6 tons/ha

increase in yield

100 kg/ha

Planting rate

IP

Unknown

Problem

  • Heat Stress: Traditional wheat varieties suffer from reduced yields when exposed to temperatures 4°C higher than normal.
  • Drought Conditions: Insufficient moisture levels, often less than 200mm, cause significant yield losses in conventional wheat.
  • Low Productivity: Farmers struggle with low yields, impacting food security and economic stability. Traditional varieties yield much less than the improved variety's 6 tons/ha.
  • Limited Cultivation Zones: Traditional varieties are unsuitable for regions with high temperatures and low rainfall, limiting agricultural expansion.

Solution

  • Heat Tolerance: These varieties can thrive in environments with temperatures 4°C higher than what traditional wheat can tolerate. This is critical for areas experiencing rising temperatures due to climate change.

  • Drought Resistance: They can grow with minimal water, performing well with less than 200mm of rainfall. This makes them suitable for arid and semi-arid regions where water scarcity is a major issue.

  • Increased Yields: Farmers can achieve up to 6 tons per hectare, which is a significant increase compared to conventional varieties. This boost in productivity helps improve food security and farmers' incomes.

  • Expanded Cultivation Areas: These wheat varieties are suitable for cultivation in regions that were previously not viable for wheat farming due to high temperatures and low rainfall. This expansion can help increase overall wheat production and make more land usable for agriculture.

Key points to design your business plan

For Seed Multiplier 

Producing heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties enhances wheat yields despite extreme weather conditions. This enhances food security, reduces poverty, and empowers women. Additionally, it promotes climate change adaptation, reduces carbon emissions, and creates employment opportunities in rural areas.

To successfully navigate this market, you need to know where to source the seed (Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Zambia), identify efficient transportation methods, and explore suitable storage facilities. 

In order to multiply seeds effectively, you need to stock up on Foundation or Registered Seed depending on your position in the seed development process. Private and cooperative enterprises must engage in technology transfer agreements with breeding centers to produce basic and certified seed for heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties, adhering to licensing schemes and national regulations.

Your potential customers are : wholesale distributors of seed to retailers, and to development projects, government agencies, and NGOs. 

Building strong partnerships with wholesale distributor networks is key to the success of your business. 

 

For Resellers

Selling  heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties not only provides a valuable product but also fosters closer engagement with users while simultaneously enhancing  food security, reducing poverty, and empowering women.

To successfully navigate this market, you need to know where to source the seed (Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Zambia), identify efficient transportation methods, and explore suitable storage facilities. 

To successfully navigate this market, you need to know where to source  heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties in bulk, identify efficient transportation methods, and explore suitable storage facilities.

Your potential customer base is: small, local retailers, development projects, producers, and producer cooperatives or associations.

 

For Users

Using heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties technology offers a cost-effective, sustainable solution to improving wheat yields despite extreme weather conditions,enhancing food security, reducing poverty, and creating employment opportunities in rural areas.

As key partners you need sellers of   heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties. You need to estimate the profit realized with the use of the the product

More

Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive low
Women
Positive low

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
Biodiversity
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a lot
Environment
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a lot less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Adopted
Countries with a yellow colour
Tested
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Burkina Faso Tested Adopted
Eritrea Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Malawi Tested Adopted
Mali Tested Adopted
Niger Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Senegal Tested Adopted
Sudan Tested Adopted
Zambia Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool
Arid
Semiarid
Subhumid
Humid

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action
Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 5: gender equality
Goal 5: gender equality

Heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties replace traditional wheat seed varieties. 

They are cultivated on farmer fields using:

  • same planting density and mineral fertilizer input as other improved cultivars, following local recommendations;   
  • good agricultural practices such as reduced or zero tillage, raised bed planting, soil fertility management, integrated pest management and efficient irrigation systems.

Last updated on 26 June 2024