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Hessian Fly Resistant Wheat Varieties

Reduce wheat losses due to Hessian fly and increase yield

"The improved Hessian Fly Resistant Wheat Varieties are specially bred wheat plants that have a natural ability to defend themselves against the Hessian fly, a destructive insect. These varieties have been carefully developed to withstand attacks from the fly's larvae, which can cause significant damage to regular wheat crops. This defense mechanism acts like a shield, safeguarding the wheat from harm. These plants have been created through selective breeding methods, resulting in strong and resilient crops. This technology provides a vital tool for farmers, offering a practical and effective solution to protect their wheat fields and secure their harvests."


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$ 35—43 USD

Seed needed per ha

ROI: $$$

79—100 %

Protection of plants from pests

5.5—7.1 tons/ha

yield potential

105 USD

Additional production of forages per ha




  • Pervasive Hessian Fly Threat: The relentless presence of the Hessian fly, a highly destructive insect, relentlessly threatens wheat production in affected regions.

  • Devastating Crop Damage: The voracious larvae of the Hessian fly wreak havoc on wheat crops, causing extensive and costly damage.

  • Fragility of Young Seedlings: Young wheat seedlings are particularly fragile and susceptible to severe damage by Hessian fly larvae, compromising the crop's overall success.

  • Persistent Feeding Site Establishment: As the wheat crop grows, Hessian fly larvae establish feeding sites beneath the leaf sheath, exacerbating the damage.

  • Reliance on Chemicals: The over-reliance on chemical pesticides as a control method poses environmental and economic concerns.


  • Resistant Varieties: Planting Hessian Fly Resistant Wheat Varieties provides a natural barrier against infestations.

  • Reduced Crop Damage: These varieties significantly decrease damage caused by Hessian fly larvae, ensuring healthier crops.

  • Economic Safeguard: By using resistant varieties, farmers protect wheat yields, reducing economic losses from Hessian fly damage.

  • Enhanced Seedling Protection: Resistant varieties offer a vital defense, particularly for vulnerable young seedlings.

  • Sustainable Pest Control: The technology reduces reliance on chemical pesticides, offering an eco-friendly and cost-effective solution.

Key points to design your business plan

This technology may be interest of Seed multiplier, resellers and users (farmers)

Seed Multiplier 

Production of this technology reduces production losses, and improves food security in Africa. It empowers diverse farming communities.

In order to multiply efficiently the variety:

  • Acquire enhanced Hessian fly resistant wheat varieties,

  • Participate in training sessions on propagating Hessian fly resistant wheat planting materials and managing crops.

Your potential customers are : wholesale distributors of seed to retailers, and to development projects, government agencies, and NGOs. 

Building strong partnerships with wholesale distributor networks is key to the success of your business.


Selling the enhanced Hessian Fly Resistant Wheat Varieties addresses the growing demand from farmers looking to minimize losses.

In order to sell efficiently this wheat varieties,

  • Provide a storage facility equipped with temperature and humidity controls, considering that wheat seeds should be stored in cool, dry conditions and protected from moisture. 

  • Safeguard the seeds against insects using appropriate treatment and protection methods

As the technology is available in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, include the delivery cost to your country and account for import clearance and duties if relevant. 

Your potential partners and customers are seed multipliers, farmers, cooperatives of farmers, local retailers of seed, development projects, government agencies, and NGOs.

For Users

Using this technology offers a natural ability to resist the Hessian fly, a destructive insect.

As key partners you need vine multipliers.

Estimate the quantity/cost of seed needed for your production knowing that the price tag of certified seed for wheat that withstands the insect pest ranges between 35 and 43 USD per hectare when purchased from international markets.

You need to estimate the profit realized with the use of the product.


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive medium
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive low
Positive low

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It doesn't hurt them
Carbon footprint
It doesn't reduce emissions at all
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a little less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Burkina Faso Not tested Adopted
Ethiopia Not tested Adopted
Kenya Not tested Adopted
Mali Not tested Adopted
Mozambique Not tested Adopted
Senegal Not tested Adopted
Sudan Not tested Adopted
Tanzania Not tested Adopted
Zambia Not tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Not tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth

  1. Obtain Certified Seed: Acquire certified Hessian Fly Resistant Wheat seed from reputable sources.

  2. Planting Process: Follow standard local recommendations for planting, including seeding depth and spacing.

  3. Complementary Practices:

    • Adhere to Planting Schedules: Follow recommended planting schedules for the specific region and climate.
    • Destruction of Reservoir Hosts (Green Bridges): Clear surrounding areas of potential host plants to minimize fly populations.
    • Use of Insecticides (if necessary): Apply insecticides as a supplementary measure if required, following recommended guidelines.
  4. Monitor Crop Regularly: Keep a close eye on the crop throughout its growth stages to assess its resistance to Hessian fly infestations.

Last updated on 22 May 2024