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https://e-catalogs.taat-africa.org/com/technologies/equipment-for-feed-production-cassava-peels-for-animal-feed-production
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Equipment for feed production Cassava Peels for Animal Feed Production

Affordable animal feed for breeders

This technology is a simple equipment to mechanize the conversion of cassava peels into animal feed, offering several advantages, including reduced labor costs, shorter drying times, and extended shelf life for the feed products. This innovation addresses the issue of environmental hazards caused by the large quantities of cassava peels generated during cassava root processing in many African communities. Cassava peels have the potential to serve as an excellent source of animal feed and fiber, providing a sustainable solution to the problem of underutilized peels.

2

This technology is TAAT1 validated.

7•7

Scaling readiness: idea maturity 7/9; level of use 7/9

3,400 USD

The base equipment required for small-scale processing of cassava peels into animal feeds

IP

Open source / open access

Problem

  • Environmental Hazards: Processing cassava roots into food or starch products generates large quantities of peels, which are often disposed of through uncontrolled dumping and burning, creating environmental problems.

  • Underutilization of Cassava Peels: Cassava peels have the potential to serve as an excellent source of animal feed and fiber for livestock and fish but are generally not marketed at their full potential due to drying constraints, possible aflatoxin contamination, and poor storability of traditional feed products.

  • Limited Access to Nutritious Animal Feeds: Scarcity of nutritious animal feeds in many African communities, leading to challenges in livestock and fish rearing.

Solution

  • Mechanized Processing: The technology is an equipment to mechanize the conversion of cassava peels into animal feeds, reducing labor costs, shortening drying times, and extending shelf life.
  • Safe and Hygienic Animal Feed: Mechanized processing ensures that harmful substances like cyanides and aflatoxins do not accumulate in the final wet cake or dry mash product, safeguarding the health of animals and consumers in the food chain.
  • Job Creation and Business Development: Scaling up mechanized processing of cassava peels presents opportunities for job creation and business development in rural parts of Africa, benefiting local communities.
  • Access to Affordable Animal Feeds: Utilizing cassava peels as animal feed ingredients provides an affordable and high-quality alternative to more expensive feed sources like maize and wheat, addressing the issue of limited access to nutritious animal feeds.

Key points to design your business plan

For Manufacturers:

Manufacturers engaging in transformation of cassava peels into high quality feed products benefit by tapping into a sustainable and abundant resource. By leveraging mechanized processing techniques, they can efficiently convert cassava peels into nutritious feed ingredients, addressing the demand for affordable and accessible livestock.  

Manufacturers can target a diverse range of customers, including small-scale livestock farmers, commercial poultry enterprises, and fish farmers seeking affordable yet high-quality feed alternatives.

Collaborations with local cassava growers and agricultural cooperatives ensure a steady  supply of raw materials for feed production, reducing procurement costs and fostering mutually beneficial partnerships.

Essential resources for manufacturers include processing equipment such as motorized graters, hydraulic presses, drying systems, mechanical sieves, toasters, as well as a consistent supply of cassava peels from local cassava processing facilities. 

The cost structure involves initial investments in processing equipment approximately USD 3,400, ongoing operational costs related to labor, energy, and raw materials (cassava peels), and marketing expenses to promote cassava peel-based feed products. 

Manufacturers must adhere to national regulations and licensing requirements governing animal feed production to ensure product safety and quality.

 

For Users:

End users benefit access to affordable and nutritious animal feeds derived from locally available cassava peels. These feeds can improve livestock health, productivity, and overall farm profitability. 

Collaboration with local feed suppliers, and agricultural extension services ensures easy access to reliable and affordable sources of feed , supporting sustainable livestock and animal farming practices.

End users can assess profitability by comparing the cost-effectiveness of cassava peel based feed with traditional feed alternatives. Animal feed ingredients from cassava peeling can replace maize and wheat that are more expensive and thus very suitable for areas in Africa that suffer from shortage of affordable high quality animal feed.

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Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive high
Under 18
Positive high
Women
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps somewhat
Biodiversity
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It doesn't reduce emissions at all
Environment
It makes a big difference

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Adopted
Countries with a yellow colour
Tested
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Niger Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool
Arid
Semiarid
Subhumid
Humid

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 3: good health and well-being
Goal 3: good health and well-being
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Sustainable Development Goal 11: sustainable cities and communities
Goal 11: sustainable cities and communities
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action

  1. Preparing Cassava Peels: Ensure that cassava peels are free from remnants of soil to protect the grater and prevent spoilage of feed products.
  2. Grating Cassava Peels:  Grate the hardy peels up to three times to reduce particle size.  Pack the grated peels into sacks for further processing.
  3. Dewatering and Fermentation:  Place the sacks containing grated peels in a hydraulic press for dewatering.  Leave the resultant wet cake in the sacks overnight for fermentation, allowing hydroden cyanides in the product to break down.
  4. Further Particle Size Reduction:  Grate the wet cakes for up to three times to achieve finer particle sizes. Sieve the grated material to separate fine and coarse fractions.
  5. Drying the Mashes:  Spread the mashes thinly over clean plastic, metal sheeting, or a cement slab for drying in direct sunlight.  Stir the materials at hourly intervals during the drying process. Alternatively, use a roaster for drying if necessary.
  6. Maintain Hygiene:  Ensure all machines and processing areas are kept in hygienic conditions after each run to prevent fungal contamination.
  7. Waste Water Disposal:  Dispose of process waste water through seepage tanks to prevent pollutants from entering surface waters.

Last updated on 22 May 2024