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Low-Cost Staking for Climbing Beans

Empowering Beans, Sustaining Growth!

The Low-Cost Staking practice offers innovative and affordable methods to address challenges in climbing bean cultivation, particularly the need for plant support. It focuses on reducing the use of wooden stakes by employing alternative materials and techniques such as tripod staking, wooden string trellises, and live plant support. These approaches aim to enhance yield while minimizing environmental damage caused by deforestation from excessive stake harvesting.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$

300 %

Increase in yields compared to bush beans

20,000—50,000 stakes per hectare

Staking density for highest yields

2 meters

Height of stakes for highest yields

⁓200,000 plants

Plant population per hectare


Open source / open access


  • The need for plant support poses a financial burden for farmers, hindering wider adoption and leading to suboptimal yields.
  • Limited availability of wooden stakes and overharvesting contribute to difficulties in achieving optimal staking densities, impacting yield potential.
  • Deforestation and delayed afforestation due to stake overharvesting raise environmental concerns, necessitating sustainable alternatives.
  • Effective staking requires knowledge of plant density, stake length, and durability, necessitating suitable methodologies for different contexts.
  • The technology explores alternative materials and innovative methods like tripod staking and live plant support to reduce reliance on wooden stakes.
  • Inadequate staking results in yield losses ranging from 50% to 90%, limiting farmers' profitability and food security.
  • Sustainable staking practices aim to mitigate environmental impact while enhancing climbing bean productivity and profitability.
  • Proper staking methods improve farming practices, including plant density management and pruning, leading to better yields and resource utilization.
  • Adoption barriers, such as labor requirements and material availability, are addressed through innovative, farmer-friendly staking solutions.
  • By enabling cost-effective staking, the technology supports livelihood improvement for small-scale farmers, boosting their income and food security.


  • Introduces innovative staking methods such as tripod staking, wooden string trellises, and live plant support, reducing the reliance on traditional wooden stakes.
  • Explores a range of materials for staking, including agroforestry species, tall grasses, and intercrop stems, allowing farmers to utilize locally available and affordable resources.
  • By reducing the need for expensive wooden stakes and introducing low-cost alternatives, the technology helps lower production expenses for farmers.
  • Promotes sustainable practices by mitigating deforestation risks associated with overharvesting wooden stakes, thereby conserving natural resources and preserving ecosystems.
  • Improves yield potential by providing adequate plant support, minimizing yield losses caused by inadequate staking practices.
  • Offers flexible staking solutions suitable for various farming contexts and conditions, allowing farmers to choose the most appropriate method based on availability of materials and local preferences.
  • Facilitates knowledge transfer on optimal staking techniques and practices, empowering farmers to implement effective staking methods and improve their crop yields.
  • Enhances the livelihoods of small-scale farmers by enabling them to increase their bean production, generate additional income, and improve food security for their households.

Key points to design your business plan

Using the Low-Cost Staking for Climbing Beans introduces innovative and affordable techniques, resulting in reduced cultivation expenses for beans. This leads to increased bean yields, thereby enhancing farmers' productivity and income. Moreover, it stimulates job creation, particularly in rural areas, by encouraging bean cultivation. Additionally, it advocates for environmentally friendly practices, reducing the reliance on deforestation for stake production and promoting environmental conservation and sustainability.

To determine the quantity of staking required for your business, consider that the optimal staking density for maximum yields is 20,000 stakes per hectare, each at least 2 meters tall. Estimate the profitability gained from implementing this technology.

Recommended species for staking include Acacia angustissima, Alnus acuminata, Bamboo, Calliandra calothyrsus, Gliricidia sepium, Sesbania sesban, Vernonia amygdalina, and Elephant grass (Pennisetum atropurpeum). Access to this technology is likely through agricultural extension services, research institutions, local farming communities, and organizations dedicated to sustainable agriculture and rural development.

Furthermore, consider integrating complementary technologies like Climbing Bean with High Yield and N Fixation to enhance operational efficiency.


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive medium
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive low
Positive medium

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps somewhat
It doesn't hurt them
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a lot
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a little less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Benin Tested Adopted
Burundi Tested Adopted
Cameroon Tested Adopted
Central African Republic Tested Adopted
Côte d’Ivoire Tested Adopted
Democratic Republic of the Congo Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Ghana Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Malawi Tested Adopted
Mozambique Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Rwanda Tested Adopted
South Sudan Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Uganda Tested Adopted
Zambia Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Sustainable Development Goal 12: responsible production and consumption
Goal 12: responsible production and consumption

  • Best yields come from 2-meter-tall stakes.
  • Ideal stake density: 20,000 to 50,000 per hectare.
  • Recommended stake materials: Acacia, bamboo, or grasses like elephant grass.
  • Plant climbing beans in rows or hills with specific seed spacing.
  • Stakes should be at least 2 meters tall and have a rough surface for plant grip.
  • Single stakes can support 1 to 4 plants.
  • Tripod stakes can support 1 to 3 plants and can be connected for added strength.
  • Various materials like reeds, tree bark strips, or creeping plant stems can provide vertical support.

Last updated on 30 April 2024