TAAT e-catalog for private sector
Request information View pitch brochure

SAH cassava Semi Autotrophic Hydroponics for Cassava Multiplication

A rapid quality seed delivery technology for cassava

Semi Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) for Cassava Multiplication is an innovative technology tailored for cassava propagation. Unlike traditional methods, SAH utilizes controlled environments with modified soil, plant roots, and limited water in trays. This fosters robust root growth while mitigating moisture-related diseases. The technique is cost-effective and adaptable, particularly for dispersed farming communities. SAH yields high-quality, disease-resistant cassava plantlets at a fraction of the production costs of tissue culture. This advancement not only expedites access to new cassava varieties but also bolsters overall productivity and resilience in cassava farming practices.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 9/9; level of use 9/9

Cost: $$$ 10,000 USD

Setup up for a 40 sq. meter facility

ROI: $$$ 80 %

over one year

0.05 USD

operating cost per plant

0.05 - 1 USD

Production cost

116 %

ROI over 3 year




  • Slow Propagation of Improved Varieties: Traditional methods are time-consuming and limit the distribution of new cassava varieties.
  • Contamination Risks: Conventional propagation methods are prone to pests and diseases, hindering the quality of cassava planting material. SAH provides a controlled environment to mitigate these risks.
  • Limited Multiplication Ratios: Methods like seed and tissue culture have low multiplication ratios, resulting in few new planting materials from one seed.
  • Pathogen Susceptibility: Planting materials obtained from stem cuttings may be more susceptible to pests and diseases when planted in open fields.
  • Inefficiency in Scaling Production: Traditional methods may not be conducive to efficiently producing large quantities of cassava planting materials for wide-scale distribution.


  • Fast Propagation of Improved Varieties: SAH enables rapid access to new and improved cassava varieties by providing a controlled environment that accelerates the multiplication process.
  • Contamination Prevention: SAH minimizes the risk of contamination with pests and diseases by creating a controlled environment that promotes healthy root growth and discourages disease-causing factors.
  • Increased Multiplication Ratios: SAH significantly improves multiplication ratios compared to methods like seed and tissue culture, resulting in a higher number of new planting materials from one source.
  • Enhanced Disease Resistance: Planting materials produced through SAH are more resilient and less susceptible to pests and diseases when planted in open fields, compared to those obtained from stem cuttings.
  • Efficient Scaling of Production: SAH provides a cost-effective and adaptable solution for dispersed farming communities, making it feasible to efficiently produce large quantities of cassava planting materials for widespread distribution. This addresses the inefficiency in traditional production methods.

Key points to design your business plan

Seed Multiplier 

Production of this technology provides a cost-effective solution that tackles slow propagation and contamination issues in Cassava improved varieties. It can easily be used by scattered farming communities.

In order to multiply efficiently the plantlet:

  • Construct growth chamber or screen house and procure shelves and growth media for propagation, 

  • Obtain seeds or in-vitro mother plants from improved cassava varieties that are free of pathogens, and 

  • Organize marketing and delivery of SAH plantlets through existing suppliers in the cassava seed system. 

You need to fulfill national phytosanitary regulations and a license for setting up SAH activities..

Your potential customers are : wholesale distributors of seed to retailers, and to development projects, government agencies, and NGOs. 

Building strong partnerships with wholesale distributor networks is key to the success of your business.


For Users

Using this technology offers quick access to high-quality planting materials, assuring a cost-effective solution to prevent  propagation and contamination issues in Cassava improved varieties. 

As key partners you need plantlet multipliers.

You need to estimate the profit realized with the use of the product


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive medium
Positive medium

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It doesn't hurt them
Carbon footprint
It doesn't reduce emissions at all
It makes a little difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses the same amount of water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Democratic Republic of the Congo Not tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Sierra Leone Not tested Adopted
Tanzania Not tested Adopted
Togo Not tested Adopted
Zambia Not tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 3: good health and well-being
Goal 3: good health and well-being

Tissue Culture Production: Begin by producing tissue-cultured (in vitro) cassava plantlets under semi-hydroponic and semi-controlled environmental conditions.

Mother Plant Preparation: Cut the tissue-cultured plantlets into mother plants. These mother plants will serve as the source for further propagation.

 Tray Setup: Place the mother plants into trays with modified soil. Ensure that the trays are adequately spaced to allow for proper growth.

Growth Chamber Placement: Transfer the trays with the mother plants into a growth chamber. This chamber provides a controlled environment that is conducive for root development.

Recutting: After 2-3 weeks, recut the mother plants to obtain two plantlets from one. This step effectively multiplies the number of available plantlets.

Root Development: Return the recut plantlets to the growth chamber for an additional 6-8 weeks. During this period, the plantlets will develop well-formed roots.

Transportation: Trays can be transported in perforated cardboard boxes for up to 48 hours. This allows for convenient transportation to the planting site.

Planting: Plant the developed cassava plantlets directly in open fields or in screen houses for further breeding or production.

Last updated on 22 May 2024