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Processing and Application of Composted Manures

Turning Waste into Wealth for Greener Fields

This technology focuses on the conversion and enhancement of goat and sheep manure, turning it into valuable resources for agriculture. By applying advanced processes, it adds economic and environmental value to these livestock byproducts, resulting in improved nutrient management and reduced waste, ultimately benefiting both farmers and the environment.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$ 5000—10000 USD

Manure drying and composting equipment

200—1000 USD

Composted manure per ton


Open source / open access


  • Manure Hazards: Goat and sheep manure may contain human pathogens and weed seeds, posing hazards to crops and the environment.
  • Inefficient Nutrient Utilization: Nutrients in goat and sheep urine are often wasted, and improper manure handling can lead to environmental pollution.


  • Composting: Composting rapidly deactivates human pathogens and weed seeds in manure, making it safe for use as compost on vegetable crops.
  • Value-Added Processing: Commercial technologies are available to produce organic fertilizers from goat and sheep manure, increasing its economic value and reducing waste.
  • Improved Nutrient Utilization: Keeping goats and sheep in pasture-based systems allows for the collection of manure, which can be dried and stored for use. This method efficiently utilizes nutrients while mitigating hazards.

Key points to design your business plan

The Processing and Application of Composted Manures technology may be of interest to Manufacturers, and users (farmers).


Developing the Processing and Application of Composted Manures technology presents an opportunity to revolutionize agriculture and promote sustainability. To effectively implement this technology, consider the following steps:

  • Invest in composting equipment suitable for your scale of operations.
  • Analyze the composition of manure and identify any nutritional or processing constraints.
  • Evaluate the cost and availability of raw materials in your local area.
  • Ensure compliance with environmental and sanitary regulations for operating a processing facility.

As key partners, suppliers of composting equipment and raw materials for compost production are essential for successful implementation.

Calculate the necessary equipment for your project, considering costs and logistics. Manure drying and composting equipment able to process between 5 and 10 tons per day cost about 5,000 to 10,000 USD, including installation. Consider delivery expenses, import clearance, and applicable duties as this technology is accessible in multiple countries like Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Zimbabwe.

Engage a team of trainers to provide comprehensive support during installation and operation. Develop communication materials to raise awareness of the benefits of composted manures.

Collaborate with breeders and local stakeholders to tailor services to market needs. Your potential customers are farmers, resellers, NGOs and development agencies


Implementing the technology of Processing and Application of Composted Manures offers a sustainable solution for managing organic waste and improving soil fertility, thereby enhancing agricultural productivity and reducing environmental pollution.

As key partners, compost suppliers are essential for successful implementation.

Since the technology is accessible in various countries such as Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Zimbabwe, it's crucial to consider delivery costs and potential import duties.

The cost structure varies with the cost of compost.

Assessing the profitability and environmental benefits achieved through the utilization of this technology is essential.


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive low
Positive medium

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a little
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It makes the soil healthier and more fertile

Negative or unknown impact

Water usage
It uses more water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Burkina Faso Tested Adopted
Cameroon Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Mali Tested Adopted
Niger Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Senegal Tested Adopted
Somalia Tested Adopted
South Sudan Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Uganda Tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action

The production of organic fertilizer pellets from composted goat and sheep manure involves the following steps:

  • Crushing: The composted manure is crushed using a hammer mill capable of processing semi-wet materials.
  • Screening: Screening is performed either in batches or continuously along a conveyor belt. Oversized materials are reprocessed through the crusher.
  • Pelletizing: The fine material is pelletized by introducing small amounts of added water and applying friction through stirring. Alternatively, a vibrating granulating pan or extrusion may be used for pellet formation.
  • Secondary Screening: After pelletization, a second screening process is carried out to collect undersized materials for potential reuse.
  • Drying: Drying of the newly formed pellets is achieved most effectively by passing them along a heat tunnel conveyor. However, in some cases, air drying may be employed.

Last updated on 22 May 2024