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PAC 501 High yielding white grain sorghum hybrid

Unleash Prosperity with Our Drought-Tolerant White Grain Sorghum Hybrid

The High yielding white grain sorghum hybrid Technology is a new sorghum hybrid. It produces way more, up to 4.5 tons per hectare, compared to the usual 2 tons with regular varieties. Its feature lies in its drought tolerance, ensuring reliable yields even in the face of unpredictable rainfall and moisture stress. This technology not only substantially increases productivity but also offers a solution to the challenges posed by climatic uncertainties, providing farmers with a dependable source of high yields in varying environmental conditions. It marks a significant advancement, reshaping sorghum cultivation and reinforcing its resilience in the ever-changing agricultural landscape.

This technology is pre-validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 9/9; level of use 9/9

Cost: $$$ 28 USD/ha

Average cost of seeds for a farmer

ROI: $$$ 288 %

Gross income/inputs costs

800 USD/ha

average gross income


  • Low Yields:

    • Sorghum cultivation often results in below-par yields, posing significant challenges for both food security and the income of farmers.
    • The utilization of inefficient cultivation methods along with the cultivation of less productive sorghum strains are major factors contributing to the persistently low yields observed in sorghum production.
  • Moisture Stress:

    • Sorghum crops frequently encounter periods of moisture stress, which have detrimental effects on their growth and overall development.
    • The insufficient availability of water during critical growth phases of sorghum plants can lead to substantial reductions in yields, exacerbating the challenges faced by farmers in achieving profitable harvests.


  • High Yields: Achieving remarkable sorghum yields, addressing the challenge of historically low production.

  • Moisture Stress Resilience: Demonstrating robust performance under moisture stress conditions, mitigating the impact of water scarcity on crop growth.

  • Optimal Responsiveness to Inputs: Highly responsive to key inputs, particularly fertilizer, optimizing the use of resources for improved yield and quality.

  • Double Yield Potential: This hybrid seed offers a doubled yield potential compared to Open Pollinated Varieties (OPVs), directly addressing the issue of low yields in traditional sorghum cultivation.

  • Increased Return on Investment: Farmers can expect a significantly higher return on investment due to the doubled yield potential, marking a substantial improvement over conventional farming practices.

Key points to design your business plan

For Seed Producers:

The development of High yielding white grain sorghum hybrid technology substantially boosts sorghum yields, thereby enhancing food security and farmers' economic well-being.

To efficiently scale seed production, it's essential to procure Foundation or Registered Seed, depending on your role in the seed development cycle. There is no licensing requirement for multiplying High yielding white grain sorghum hybrid seeds.

Potential customers encompass wholesale seed distributors, cooperatives, development projects, governmental agencies, and NGOs. Building strong partnerships with wholesale distributor networks is crucial for business viability.


For Users: 

Utilizing High yielding white grain sorghum hybrid technology ensures reliable production even in challenging environmental conditions. This technology empowers farmers to refine their agricultural methods, boost their earnings, and support sustainable development within their communities.

This technology is available in various countries, including Cameroon, Sudan, Tanzania, Egypt, Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Niger, Malawi, and South Africa, with cultivation costs averaging USD 28 per hectare for seeds and USD 250 per hectare for inputs.

The estimated return on investment (ROI) stands at 2.88 (gross income/inputs costs), excluding labor expenses.

Partnerships with private seed companies, cooperatives, and seed growers are crucial for successful implementation.


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive high
Under 18
Positive medium
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It doesn't hurt them
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a lot
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a lot less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Cameroon Tested Not adopted
Côte d’Ivoire Tested Not adopted
Egypt Tested Not adopted
Ghana Tested Adopted
Malawi Tested Adopted
Niger Tested Not adopted
South Africa Tested Not adopted
Sudan Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 3: good health and well-being
Goal 3: good health and well-being
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action

Sowing in Rainy Season:

  • Rate: Sow at 7.5 kg per hectare or 3 kg per acre.
  • Plant Height: Expected height ranges from 180 to 190 cm.
  • Spacing: Maintain a spacing of 45 x 20 cm between seeds.
  • Leaf Characteristics: Leaves are dark green and broad.


  • Drought, Pest, and Disease Resistance: Ensure the variety selected demonstrates resistance to drought, pests, and diseases.
  • Tolerance to Shootfly and Stem Borer: Choose a variety that shows tolerance to common pests like shootfly and stem borer.
  • Grain Characteristics: Look for pearly white, bold grains.


  • Maturity Period: Expect maturity within 95 to 100 days after sowing.


  • Expected Yield: Aim for a yield of 4 to 4.5 tons per hectare, following the recommended technical route diligently.

Last updated on 2 May 2024