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NERICA New rice for Africa varieties

NERICA: Higher Yields, Resilience, and Profitability for African Farmers.

NERICA varieties exhibit exceptional agronomic traits tailored to African growing conditions. With potential yields ranging from 2 to 6 tons per hectare, they offer a significant boost in productivity. These varieties demonstrate low susceptibility to weed infestations and display resilience to short-term drought, making them well-suited for regions with unpredictable rainfall patterns. Furthermore, their adaptability to poor soils underscores their suitability for diverse agricultural landscapes. NERICA's moderate resistance to major diseases like rust and leaf blight, along with its tolerance to pests such as nematodes and leafminers, minimizes the need for chemical interventions. This robust combination of traits positions NERICA as a vital asset for sustainable and resilient agriculture in Africa.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$ 0.8—1.2 USD

Per kg of seeds

ROI: $$$ 25—39 %

1.7—0.7 ton per ha

with and without fertilizer


Open source / open access


  • Low Yields: Traditional rice varieties often yield less, impacting food security and farmers' income.
  • Pest and Disease Vulnerability: Conventional varieties are more susceptible to pests and diseases, leading to yield losses.
  • Limited Resilience to Harsh Conditions: Many varieties struggle in nutrient-poor soils and under erratic rainfall.
  • Reliance on Imports: Insufficient local production leads to heavy reliance on imported rice, affecting economic stability.


  • Increased Yields: NERICA varieties yield more, ensuring food security and higher income.
  • Pest and Disease Resistance: They resist pests and diseases, reducing chemical use.
  • Adaptability: Thrives in poor soils and limited water, suitable for diverse environments.
  • Reduced Imports Dependency: Boosts local production, enhancing economic stability.
  • Empowering Farmers: Accessible to small-scale growers, improving practices and income.
  • Nutritional Value: Higher protein content for a healthier staple.

Key points to design your business plan

For Seed Multipliers:

Producing NERICA technology presents an opportunity to boost agricultural productivity, foster gender inclusivity, enhance food security, and fortify climate resilience within diverse farming communities.

To efficiently multiply seeds, it's essential to procure Foundation or Registered Seeds, depending on your stage in the seed development process. Multipliers must obtain a certification for the multiplication of NERICA varieties, as each country in Sub-Saharan Africa has licensing requirements for seed multipliers producing and selling certified seeds locally.

Potential customers include wholesale distributors of seeds to retailers, as well as development projects, government agencies, and NGOs.

Building robust partnerships with wholesale distributor networks is pivotal for business success.

For Users:

Utilizing NERICA offers a viable solution for effectively managing pests and diseases, improving crop yield and quality, and advancing sustainable agricultural practices, thereby enhancing the health and well-being of diverse farming communities.

As essential partners, you require suppliers of NERICA seeds.

Considering the availability of technology in various countries across Africa, it's crucial to account for delivery expenses and potential import duties.

The cost structure entails a price range of USD 0.8 to 1.2 per kilogram for NERICA seeds. Estimating the profit potential with the product's usage is imperative.


Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive medium
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It doesn't hurt them
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a little
It makes a little difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a little less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Benin Not tested Adopted
Burundi Not tested Adopted
Cameroon Not tested Adopted
Democratic Republic of the Congo Not tested Adopted
Gambia Not tested Adopted
Ghana Not tested Adopted
Guinea Not tested Adopted
Kenya Not tested Adopted
Malawi Not tested Adopted
Mali Not tested Adopted
Mozambique Not tested Adopted
Nigeria Not tested Adopted
Rwanda Not tested Adopted
Sierra Leone Not tested Adopted
Tanzania Not tested Adopted
Uganda Not tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: no poverty
Goal 1: no poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action

  1. Select the Appropriate Variety: Choose based on your specific growing conditions (lowland or upland) and field characteristics.

  2. Prepare the Field: Ensure thorough ploughing, and levelling, and create bunds if needed for water management.

  3. Planting Options: Direct seeding by broadcasting, drilling, dibbling, or transplanting seedlings from a well-maintained seedbed.

  4. Maintain Proper Spacing: Allow for optimal plant growth and development.

  5. Monitor and Manage Water: Ensure consistent moisture levels, especially during critical growth stages.

  6. Weed Control: Regularly remove weeds to prevent competition for nutrients and space.

  7. Fertilize Appropriately: Apply recommended fertilizers based on soil nutrient levels and variety requirements.

  8. Manage Pests and Diseases: Monitor and take necessary measures for control.

  9. Harvest at Maturity: Harvest when grains are mature and moisture content is 18-22%, using sickles or mechanical harvesters.

  10. Dry and Thresh: Reduce moisture content through drying, then separate grains from stalks through threshing.

  11. Store Properly: Keep harvested rice in well-sealed containers in a cool, dry place to prevent damage from moisture and pests.

Last updated on 22 May 2024