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TAAT e-catalog for private sector
https://e-catalogs.taat-africa.org/com/technologies/combine-harvesters-and-fleet-management
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Combine Harvesters and Fleet Management

Efficient Harvesting

The combine harvester is a modern agricultural machinery designed to perform multiple harvesting operations as threshing, gathering, and winnowing, all in a single process. Available in various sizes, its suitable for crops like wheat, maize, rice, soybean, barley, sunflower, and more.

2

This technology is TAAT1 validated.

8•8

Scaling readiness: idea maturity 8/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$ 12,000—500,000 USD

Unit of combine harvesters

35 %

Reduced harvest losses

56—63 USD

harvesting unit cost per Ha

IP

Open source / open access

Problem

  • Traditional manual harvesting is time-consuming and demands significant labor.
  • Conventional threshing methods are slow and risk potential grain loss.
  • Manual separation of grain from chaff is inefficient, leading to impurities.
  • Older methods may have limited capacity, resulting in slower operations.

Solution

  • Combine harvesters automates the harvesting process, reducing the need for manual labor.
  • Its offers threshing mechanisms, minimizing grain loss during harvesting.
  • Its incorporate separation technologies, ensuring effective grain separation and reducing impurities.
  • Help to increases harvesting capacity.

Key points to design your business plan

The Combine harvesters and fleet management technology may be of interest to resellers, fleet managers, and users (farmers).

Resellers

Selling the high-performance combines meets farmers' needs for effective solutions to reduce crop losses, contributing to improved global nutrition and empowering diverse farming communities.

To successfully navigate this market, you need to know where to source this equipment (Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe), identify efficient transportation methods, and explore suitable storage facilities. 

The selling costs on the market vary depending on the size of the technology. Small units with no grain tank and a cutting width of 1.1 meters start at 12,000 USD, while large units with a cutting width of 10 meters and a 5,000-liter grain tank cost between 300,000 USD and 500,000 USD. Include the cost of transport and any import duties and taxes.

Your potential customer base is: Fleet managers, development projects, and farmers cooperatives or associations.

Fleet managers

Suggesting combines to the farming world to reduce the significant harvest losses often recorded.

To successfully navigate this market, you need to know where to source this equipment (Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Identify efficient transportation methods, and explore suitable storage facilities. 

The cost varies depending on the size of the technology. Small units with no grain tank and a cutting width of 1.1 meters start at 12,000 USD, while large units with a cutting width of 10 meters and a 5,000-liter grain tank cost between 300,000 USD and 500,000 USD. Include the cost of transport and any import duties and taxes.

Optimize your fleet management with the Hello Tracteur app, available for free on the App Store, and maximize operational efficiency by receiving detailed reports for precise adjustments.

Your potential customer base is: Farmers, development projects, and farmers cooperatives or associations.

Users (Farmers)

Combine harvesters help significantly reduce harvest losses and time consumption during harvest operations.

As key partners you need sellers or fleet managers.

Small units with no grain tank and a cutting width of 1.1 meters start at 12,000 USD; large units with a cutting width of 10 meters and a 5,000-liter grain tank cost between 300,000 USD and 500,000 USD.

To hire this equipment, the total harvesting unit cost is 56 - 63 USD per hectare for a small unit (New Holland CX 8080 with a cutting width of 3.3m).

This equipment reduces harvest losses from 35% to 1%

More

Positive or neutral impact

Adults 18 and over
Positive high
The poor
Positive high
Under 18
Positive high
Women
Positive high

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
Biodiversity
It helps them grow and thrive
Environment
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses the same amount of water

Negative or unknown impact

Carbon footprint
It increases emissions

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Adopted
Countries with a yellow colour
Tested
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Zambia Tested Adopted
Zimbabwe Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool
Arid
Semiarid
Subhumid
Humid

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 8: decent work and economic growth
Goal 8: decent work and economic growth

To operate a combine harvester:

1. Ensure the operator is trained in combine harvester operation, including electronic control panels and mechanical components, to ensure proper usage and prevent breakdowns.

2. Survey the field in consultation with farmers to determine the best approach, considering factors like crop height, land slope, and field features. This assessment aims to prevent grain losses, excessive fuel consumption, poor maneuverability, and damage to irrigation furrows.

3. Combine harvester owners can provide services directly to farmers or collaborate with booking agents who aggregate demand within the community, or use a combination of both approaches.

4. Farmers seeking contract mechanization services should request, schedule, and prepay for these services through SMS messaging or mobile applications, connecting them with equipment owners or booking agents.

5. Once the job is completed, the balance of payment is settled through the digital system, ensuring a transparent and efficient transaction process.

6. Equipment owners and investors receive detailed reports on user and cost-effectiveness, enabling them to refine their business models and access financing for acquiring new equipment.

Last updated on 30 May 2024