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Banana Peels Peels as Feed and Organic Resource

From Waste to Resource

The utilization of banana and plantain peels presents a valuable opportunity to minimize waste while providing an organic resource with diverse applications. These peels, whether used as animal feed, organic soil input, or ingredients in cooking and various products, offer a sustainable solution to the disposal of fruit peels. Proper processing, such as sun drying, detoxifies the peels, making them suitable for animal consumption, and the high starch content makes them a valuable energy source. Harnessing the potential of these peels contributes to both resource efficiency and waste reduction in regions where plantains and cooking bananas are staples.


This technology is TAAT1 validated.


Scaling readiness: idea maturity 7/9; level of use 8/9

Cost: $$$ 3,500 USD

A single belt 0.37 kWatt peeler

16,000 USD

Larger multi-channel 2.0 kWatt machines


Open source / open access


  • Waste Accumulation: Banana and plantain peels are abundant due to their staple status, leading to massive waste accumulation, especially in urban areas.
    Feed Quality Concerns: Concerns exist regarding the chemical composition and nutrient ratios of peels when used as animal feed, particularly regarding tannins and oxalates, which can have deleterious effects on animals.

  • Feed Processing Challenges: Green banana and plantain peels are difficult to remove, requiring specialized machinery, and raw peels may contain anti-nutritional compounds that need to be detoxified through processes like sun drying, fermentation, or treatment with alkali.

  • Nutritional Value Variation: The nutritional composition of peels varies with ripeness, with unripe peels containing more starch and ripe peels having higher potassium content. Additionally, the crude protein content of banana peels is low, necessitating supplementation for optimal animal performance.

  • Utilization Challenges: Lack of understanding about the value and processing of peels results in their wasteful accumulation, highlighting the need for awareness and education on their diverse applications.

  • Processing Methods: Various processing methods, such as sun drying, silage making, and composting, are required to detoxify peels for animal consumption and maximize their utility as organic resources.


  • Animal Feed: They serve as valuable components in animal diets, particularly for livestock and poultry.

  • Nutrient-Rich: Dried peels contain essential nutrients such as potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium, and sodium.
  • Reduced Waste: Utilizing peels reduces waste and promotes sustainable resource management.
  • Soil Enrichment: When treated and composted, they become a beneficial organic input for soil improvement.
  • Energy Source: Green peels provide an energy source in animal diets due to their carbohydrate content.
  • Hydration: Fresh peels have high moisture content, helping animals stay hydrated.
  • Versatility: In smaller quantities, peels find use in cooking, water purification, and manufacturing beauty and health products.
  • Waste Reduction: Leveraging peels comprehensively can reduce waste accumulation in regions where bananas and plantains are staples.

Key points to design your business plan

Utilizing the Peels as Feed and Organic Resource technology decreases dependency on costly commercial feed and fosters sustainability. It promotes the efficient utilization of agricultural by-products like peels, diminishing waste and endorsing eco-friendly practices. Composting peels enhances soil vitality, amplifies crop yields, and contributes to carbon sequestration, bolstering climate resilience.

For budget estimation, consider the following information:

  • A single belt peeler capable of handling 600 units per hour costs around $3500, whereas larger multi-channel machines are priced at $16,000.
  • Ripe plantain peel can substitute maize in rations by 25% to 75%, depending on the bird's growth stage.
  • Account for delivery costs of machinery, considering the technology's availability across various countries in West, East, and Central Africa.
  • Estimate profitability gained from technology implementation.

Collaborate with agricultural development institutions to facilitate widespread adoption of the technology.


Positive or neutral impact

The poor
Positive medium
Under 18
Positive medium
Positive medium

Positive or neutral impact

Climate adaptability
It adapts really well
Adaptability for farmers
It helps a lot
It helps them grow and thrive
Carbon footprint
It reduces emissions a little
It makes a big difference
Soil quality
It doesn't harm the soil's health and fertility
Water usage
It uses a little less water

Countries with a green colour
Tested & adopted
Countries with a bright green colour
Countries with a yellow colour
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burundi Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Côte d’Ivoire Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cameroon Kenya Libya Liberia Madagascar Mali Malawi Morocco Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Zambia Senegal Sierra Leone Zimbabwe Somalia South Sudan Sudan South Africa Eswatini Tanzania Togo Tunisia Chad Uganda Western Sahara Central African Republic Lesotho
Countries where the technology has been tested and adopted
Country Tested Adopted
Benin Tested Adopted
Burkina Faso Tested Adopted
Burundi Tested Adopted
Cameroon Tested Adopted
Côte d’Ivoire Tested Adopted
Democratic Republic of the Congo Tested Adopted
Equatorial Guinea Tested Adopted
Ethiopia Tested Adopted
Ghana Tested Adopted
Kenya Tested Adopted
Malawi Tested Adopted
Mali Tested Adopted
Nigeria Tested Adopted
Rwanda Tested Adopted
Sierra Leone Tested Adopted
Somalia Tested Adopted
Tanzania Tested Adopted
Togo Tested Adopted
Uganda Tested Adopted
Zambia Tested Adopted

This technology can be used in the colored agro-ecological zones. Any zones shown in white are not suitable for this technology.

Agro-ecological zones where this technology can be used
AEZ Subtropic - warm Subtropic - cool Tropic - warm Tropic - cool

Source: HarvestChoice/IFPRI 2009

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that are applicable to this technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: zero hunger
Goal 2: zero hunger
Sustainable Development Goal 12: responsible production and consumption
Goal 12: responsible production and consumption
Sustainable Development Goal 13: climate action
Goal 13: climate action
Sustainable Development Goal 15: life on land
Goal 15: life on land

To prepare silage and compost from banana and plantain peels, follow these steps:

1. Chopping: Begin by chopping the peels into smaller pieces for efficient processing. Although not required, it aids in the decomposition process.

2. Silage Preparation

  • Pack the chopped peels into airtight storage containers.
  • Optionally, add energy-rich materials like molasses to enhance the fermentation process.
  • Ensure the containers are sealed airtight to create an oxygen-free environment.
  • Allow the ensiling process to take place. Without additives, it typically takes around 28 days, but the addition of sugar can reduce this to 24 days.

3. Composting:

  • Combine the peels with other compost ingredients for optimal results. Chopping the peels is not necessary.
  • Banana peels are well-suited for vermicomposting with earthworms but should not be combined with poultry manure.
  • Composting typically takes 3 to 4 weeks under ideal conditions.

4. Drying: Composts prepared from peels are best dried before use.

5. Utilization: Use the dried compost as mulch for agricultural purposes.

Last updated on 22 May 2024